WordPress is a popular content management system that allows users to easily create and manage websites. CentOS 7 is a popular operating system used by many web developers and server administrators. In this tutorial, we will discuss how to install WordPress on CentOS 7, step by step.
Install LAMP stack
LAMP stack stands for Linux, Apache, MySQL, and PHP. WordPress requires these components to run on CentOS 7. You can install LAMP stack by running the following command in the terminal:
sudo yum install httpd mariadb-server mariadb php php-mysql php-gd php-xml php-xmlrpc php-mbstring php-mcrypt
After installing MySQL, you need to configure it by running the following command:
This command will help you set up a root password, remove anonymous users, restrict root access, and remove test databases.
Create a database for WordPress
You need to create a database for WordPress to store its data. To create a database, run the following command:
sudo mysql -u root -p CREATE DATABASE wordpress; GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON wordpress.* TO 'wordpressuser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'password'; FLUSH PRIVILEGES; exit
Replace the ‘wordpressuser’ with your desired username and ‘password’ with your desired password.
Download and install WordPress
Download the latest version of WordPress from the official website. You can do this by running the following command:
Extract the downloaded file by running the following command:
tar -xzvf latest.tar.gz
Move the extracted WordPress directory to the document root directory by running the following command:
sudo mv wordpress /var/www/html
Change the ownership of the WordPress directory to Apache by running the following command:
sudo chown -R apache:apache /var/www/html/wordpress
Open the WordPress configuration file by running the following command:
sudo nano /var/www/html/wordpress/wp-config.php
Add the following lines to the configuration file:
define('DB_NAME', 'wordpress'); define('DB_USER', 'wordpressuser'); define('DB_PASSWORD', 'password');
Save and close the file.
Set up virtual host
To access your WordPress site from a web browser, you need to set up a virtual host. Create a new file by running the following command:
sudo nano /etc/httpd/conf.d/wordpress.conf
Add the following code to the file:
ServerAdmin [email protected] DocumentRoot /var/www/html/wordpress ServerName example.com ServerAlias www.example.com AllowOverride All ErrorLog /var/log/httpd/wordpress-error.log CustomLog /var/log/httpd/wordpress-access.log combined
Replace the ‘example.com’ with your own domain name.
After making changes to the Apache configuration file, restart the Apache service by running the following command:
sudo systemctl restart httpd
In this tutorial, we have discussed how to install WordPress on CentOS 7. We have covered the steps required to install LAMP stack, configure MySQL, create a database for WordPress, download and install WordPress, configure WordPress, set up a virtual host, and restart Apache. By following these steps, you can easily install WordPress on CentOS 7 and start building your website.
Things To Consider When Installing WordPress On Centos 7
Before installing WordPress on CentOS 7, there are a few things you should consider:
Security: WordPress is a popular platform, which makes it a target for hackers. To ensure the security of your website, make sure to keep your WordPress installation up to date and use strong passwords.
Backup: It’s important to regularly backup your WordPress site to prevent any data loss in case of server failure or hacking attempts. You can use plugins or third-party services to automate the backup process.
Performance: WordPress requires a certain amount of resources to run smoothly. Make sure your server has enough RAM and CPU to handle the expected traffic on your website. You can also use caching plugins or CDNs to improve the performance of your site.
Plugins and Themes: Plugins and themes can add functionality to your WordPress site, but they can also cause security vulnerabilities and slow down your site. Make sure to only install trusted plugins and themes from reputable sources.
By considering these factors, you can ensure a secure and reliable WordPress installation on CentOS 7.